|Indestructible flak tower built 1942 in central Hamburg|
The low losses were due to the first time use of Window, small tin foil strips that messed up the German radar defenses so that the flak defenses were firing blind into the night sky. However, the Germans quickly recovered from the surprise and reorganised their air defenses accordingly.
|Plaque commemorating the destruction of the previous|
building in 1943 and the rebuilding in 1956
The success of the Hamburg raids for a few months gave the Allies the hope that they could bomb Germany out of the war, and even gave the Nazi and Luftwaffe leadership a great scare. However, the Allies didn´t pursue their advantage and the Luftwaffe quickly found counter measures and the balance swung back to favour the defenders.
The 1943 raids were not the first nor the last of the war. Civilian morale recovered and fugitives returned. Within months most Hamburg factories were up and running again. So the RAF had to go back By 1945 three quarters of the town had been flattened. Although as brutal as Dresden, the Hamburg bombings are not as notorious as the former, probably because they occurred with victory a distant prospect in 1943.